Hmm. If I had any sense, I’d have published this post some time ago, giving you time to study it (yes, study it) and invest (yes, invest) in a winter jacket ahead of the actual, you know, winter.
But I don’t have any sense.
And to be honest, I’m struggling, based on recent weather here in the soon-to-be-set-continentally-adrift UK, to decide what season it is. So let’s just assume it’s winter jacket buying season.
Let’s further assume that you have 10 minutes (5 minutes…. [small voice] 2… minutes [/small voice]) to read my ill-informed drivel ‘pon the subject.
And let’s assume that your time…. starts…. NOW!
Selected Products Mentioned In This Post
- Castelli Alpha Jacket
- dhb Aeron Storm Waterproof Jacket and dhb Aeron Softshell Jacket
- Sportful Fiandre Windstopper Jacket
What Is A Winter Cycling Jacket?
Come on now people. We’ve been through this. It’s a jacket. That you wear. When cycling. In winter.
Actually, it’s not that simple (unlike me, who is that simple). A winter jacket can cover a multitude of
sins weather conditions.
We’re talking about the cold. We’re chattin’ ’bout rain. We’re waxing lyrically about wind.
You can buy a cycling jacket that addresses all of these (expensive; may not exist), some of these (probably your best bet) or none of these (my upcoming ‘Sportive Cyclist’-branded winter jacket will be made with paper towels and empty promises, sewn together using unicorn saliva).
Essentially, a winter jacket will be some sort of outer garment, primarily aimed at cyclists, that aims to tackle the aforementioned winter weather and has some or all of the following characteristics:
- wind proof
- water resistant
- nourishes the soul
(Ten points to Griffindor if anyone can guess which winter cycling garment – according to me – nourishes the soul…*).
((*Hint: it rhymes with ‘Shastelli Flabba’))
Right, let’s get bogged down in detail.
Hard Shell Versus Soft Shell
I’m sure the concept of a ‘shell’ is a relatively recent one (though don’t tell the tortoises). The point is that (as we all know) any given sporting outfit should comprise a number of layers (base, mid, outer…). The shell is clearly the one that exists on the outside of such fashion fandango.
If it’s a hard shell, then its a varient on the plasticky, crinkly material that is used to make cagoules (‘windbreaker’ is the US word, apparently). If its a soft shell then it will be made of, er, softer and slightly thicker material.
Hard shells tend to prioritise being waterproof (or at least highly water resistant) and windproof as key features. Soft shells are more about insulation (keeping you warm) and, er, ‘windproofness’, over absolute ‘waterproofism’.
Hard shells will always been worn as an outer garment (unless you like waterproof underpants). A soft shell can certainly be worn as an ‘outer’, but in some cases as a ‘midder’, depending on the material and prevailing weather conditions.
You Can Have Anything You Want (Just Not EVERYTHING You Want)
I’m a bit of closet personal finance blog reader. Which makes me rather tragic. Rather tragic, but with some savings and the hint of a modest pension fund.
Anyhoo, the sub-heading of this section is an expression I heard recently. And since we all have confirmation bias, I have accepted it as the most profoundly relevant truth.
All of which is a long way of saying that whilst we might want a winter cycling jacket to keep us dry and warm, whilst still being fitted, flexible and comfortable, the reality is that such a jacket does not exist. And the ones that get closest to achieving it are expensive.
I’m by no means a fabric technologist, but I can appreciate that it’s pretty easy to make a garment that is waterproof (i.e. a glorified plastic bag) but a lot harder to make a jacket that is both waterproof and breathable.
Sweat The Small Things
The issue is sweat. Whilst we don’t want water from outside the body to ingress, we do want our own moisture to escape the clothing tent (er, yes, tent). Sweat is the enemy of the exerting athlete that wants to feel comfortable (and the exerting athlete that wants to remain not disgusting).
If the sweaty moist air gets stuck in the, er, clothing tent, it will tend to condense (i.e. turn back into water) on the cool inner surface of the jacket, making you (the rider) wet.
It’s also about temperature regulation. Jackets that aren’t breathable tend to retain all of the air around our body, which quickly gets hotter and reaches a high moisture content. Which makes the act of sweating less effective, and you become prone to overheating.
I was a bit harsh on sweat (or perspiration) in the paragraph above – in fact we want it to happen (it helps keep our body temperature at the right level). We just want it to happen and then for the hot moist air to get (the hell) out of there (so we can all get on with our lives).
A breathable jacket needs to be made out of a material that essentially has lickle holes in it. Holes that are small enough to avoid letting water in when it’s in liquid form (rain), but big enough to let water out when its in gas form (farts*).
(*Okay, not farts. Well, not just farts.)
Relax. And Breathe…
I’ve literally just spent the last 30 minutes researching types of breathable waterproof materials and how they’re made (or at least what their marketing bumf claims). I won’t bore-tex you with all that I’ve learnt.
Instead, two ‘facts’:
- The original breathable waterproof material (which you might have heard of) was GORE-TEX, introduced in the late 1970s (as was I);
- It (like all of them) has holes in it that are big enough to let water vapour molecules escape but not so big as to let rain water in.
There, what did I tell you.
Finally, and this is the most relevant point for people that wear waterproof clothing whilst undertaking a fairly vigorous activity, it is really hard (if not impossible) to make a waterproof fabric that is sufficiently breathable to get enough moisture out quickly enough to maintain a comfortable microclimate close to your skin.
That’s why many waterproof have vents (i.e. big holes).
Waterproof Versus Water Resistant (And WTF Is Water Repellancy)
I’d like to think we’re clear on water proof materials.
And my ‘April Fool’ is that water resistancy and water repellancy are the same thing (WTF indeed…).
When we (they?) talk about jackets being water resistant, generally this means a jacket that doesn’t contain a waterproof membrane. On its own, the fabric would get wet and allow water through to your skin (or your base layer).
Water resistant jackets are treated with a Durable Water Repellent coating (which for some reason is capitalised). The DWR coating causes rain water to ‘bead up’ when it hits the jacket surface and then run off.
Water resistant jackets are not as effective at keeping water out as water proof jackets. They are less likely to stand up well to extreme weather conditions (Himalayan climbers tend to opt for waterproof…). They also require a certain amount of maintenance, in the form of a re-application of the DWR coating from time to time.
However, water resistant jackets do tend to be more breathable (due to the lack of the waterproof membrane within the fabric). Which, as we’ve discussed, is a major plus for the exerting cyclist.
They also tend to be windproof.
Wait. What? Windproof?
It’s funny. We’re quite a long way into this article, and we’ve spent a lot of time talking about waterproofing versus water resistance. But I’d argue that wind protection is about the single most important factor to consider when choosing a winter jacket. Maybe I should have put it first (I did, in my summary list at the top).
Heat is lost from a body (your body, your house) in two ways: by conduction and by convection.
Conduction is where a cold thing touches a warm thing and the cold thing cools down the warm thing. You wear a nice warm jumper (or some sort of cyclo-technical thermal fleecy jersey) in order to protect against heat loss through conduction (heat doesn’t conduct efficiently through the material, so you stay warm).
The wooly (or technico-fleecy) jumper also works by trapping a cushion of warm air close to your body. If this air can easily be blown through the material of your nice warm jumper (by the wind, say) then the warm air close to your body is replaced with cold air, and the temperature of your skin falls. That is heat loss by convection.
This is why your cyclo-technical thermal fleecy jersey might benefit from a windproof jacket on top of it (or maybe there is a cyclo-technical thermal, windproof winter jacket available….?).
(Answer: yes, there are a number of such jackets available.)
Where Does This Leave Us?
I like being dry as much as the next man. In an ideal world I’d be warm and dry all the time. I’m also rarely called upon to put myself in extreme weather conditions. So you can treat the advice that follows with a substantial handful of salt. But…
Being dry is over-rated. When cycling, it is a lot easier to be comfortable and, if required, slightly damp, than staying dry and warm. Providing the insulating effect of your chosen clothing is sufficient, then a bit of moisture shouldn’t be an issue.
Case in point: who wears waterproof tights when cycling in winter? Answer: no one.
Instead you accept that your legs are going to get a bit wet. In my experience, whether I’m wearing standard lycra tights for cold weather, or the more thermal Roubaix fabric ones for cold cold weather, I tend to be warm enough. And I don’t really think about whether my legs are wet or not.
You can apply the same logic to the top half of your body. The key is to wear a winter jacket that is water resistant enough, and insulating enough when combined with your base layer(s), such that any moisture that comes in can either:
- be pushed out (dried out) by your body heat; or
- be warmed to skin temperature (i.e. how a wetsuit works).
I would therefore recommend, when looking for a winter cycling jacket, prioritising weather resistance over waterproofing.
Other Winter Jacket Features (Which You May Or May Not Care About)
Highlighting a range of ‘technical’ features on a jacket is a classic way for a clothing manufacturer to justify a high price tag. But some features are important (and not just marketing fluff).
If it was me, after I’ve made the core decision over what type of jacket I want (waterproof versus resistant etc), I’d be looking for the following features:
- rear pockets – you’d rightly expect these on a cycling jersey, but worth noting that some waterproof shells don’t have them (like mine);
- high neck – we’ve talked about the importance of wind resistance (and if I recall, you agreed with everything I said) – a high neck tends to avoid the wind blowing cold air into the top of your jersey when in a riding position;
- long cuffs – similar point. No one (and I mean no one) likes cold wrists. Or wet wrists. You can get cuffs with a hole for your thumb;
- taped seams – more relevant if you’re looking at a waterproof (or highly water resistant jacket) – the taping prevents ingress of water through the gaps between the teeth of the zip;
- vents – again, more a feature of a waterproof jacket. Used when the breathability of the fabric just can’t keep up with the volume of warm moist air that your exertions are giving off (or in lower priced jackets or shells made out of non-breathable material). Vents tend to be in places that are not too exposed to the elements (e.g. under you arms).
Monty’s Top Picks If He Was Buying A Winter Jacket Right Now
If I was in the market (e-market) for a winter jacket (w-jacket), these are the ones I’d be thinking of whipping out the credit card for:
Top of the range (proper) waterproof option: Gore Bike Wear ONE Pro
Wowie-gee. That is ONE expensive coat.
Still, we're talking properly waterproof here. And it claims to be 'extremely breathable', with a 'heat dumping ventilation systems' (as opposed to a dump ventilation heating system).
The cherry on top is a zipped Napoleon pocket. Which has to be the first time I've heard of such a thing. Smart looking jacket though (for small despots).
Click for more info
Mid range waterproof option: dhb Aeron Storm
Available in any colour, as long as it's black, this is another smart-looking waterproof jacket. And its almost a third of the cost of the 'ONE' above.
A 2.5 layer fabric, slightly stretchy, nicely waterproof, with 'breathability of 18,000 under laboratory condition' (they must have got the intern to write that sales copy).
Looks to be a high-performing jacket at a great value price.
Click for more info
Budget waterproof option: Endura Pakajak
What I like about this 'store it in your jersey pocket' waterproof versus the Castelli plastic bag number that I own for the same purpose is:
- it comes with its own tiny 'stuff sack', making it very easy to shove in a pocket;
- the vents have mesh in them (rather than just being holes);
- I'm pretty sure it's a lot cheaper...
Definitely worth a look.
Click for more info
Top of the range weatherproof jacket option: Castelli Alpha
[Le Mont utters a low guttural noise of desire]
[Le Mont's wife tells him if he does that again he can get himself a new wife]
Weatherproof rather than waterproof. The outer (windstopper) fabric layer is separate from the inner insulation one, allowing you to unzip the outer to let out the moist air without getting chilly.
And did I mention its 'so aero'...?
Oh, Castelli 'inclement weather gear', how do I desire thee...
Click for more info
Mid range weatherproof jacket option: Sportful Fiandre
Fiandre means Flanders in Italian (I have just discovered). And, like the Alpha above, this is an attractive-looking jacket. Also like the Alpha, it's windstoppery and stretchy and water-repellenty.
Importantly, it has a magnetic zip garage. Which everyone needs.
I think I quite like the 'yellow fluro/black' colour combo (which helpfully isn't the one in this photo...).
Click for more info
Budget weatherproof jacket option: dhb Aeron Softshell Windproof Jacket
Mid range in one class, budget in the next. Who'd have thunk it?
That said, this isn't budget budget - it'll still set you back around £100/$125. And it's worth all of that. It's probably a false economy to spend any less on a standalone winter softshell jacket.
(If you want to do want to spend a little less, you could get a good quality windproof jersey and supplement it with a cheap waterproof in the back(ajak) pocket)
Click for more info
My Winter Cycling ‘Set-Up’
I certainly do not hold myself up as a particularly hardy cyclist. I’m very capable of choosing the sofa over a ride outside if the weather is looking inclement.
But when I do screw my courage to the sticking place, this is my winter cycling set up (in case you’re interested…):
- a ‘technical’ base layer – I’ve got a variety of Nike ‘dri-fit’ t-shirts that I picked up doing various Run London’s in my younger days, plus a nice Patagonia one. You won’t go too far wrong with a classic Helly Hansen base layer though.
- dhb windproof jersey – Wiggle sent me a dhb Windslam jersey to review last year (so treat the next statement with your desired sprinkle of salt) but I must admit I love it. I’ve just persuaded my mum to buy this year’s version for my brother-in-law’s birthday (and hopefully this post hasn’t let the chat sortir du sac…).
- gilet – the wife of said brother-in-law (my sister) bought me a very nice Santini gilet a few years ago. It’s not waterproof but is moderately windproof and adds that little bit of extra weather protection for my core. This one looks like a good value alternative from Gore Bike Wear.
- waterproof shell in back pocket – in a moment of excitement, I bought a Castelli jacket at the timing chip pick-up/expo just prior to my RideLondon ride in 2013. But before you consider me a flash johnny, this jacket belongs to its cheapest, plastic bag range. Breathable it aint. With pockets it aint (noting my point in the ‘features’ section above). Still, it does the job (the job being mainly to remain rolled up into a small ball and stuffed in the pocket of my aforementioned gilet, ready to be deployed should the sky suddenly start to leak).
So (hopefully) you see, that a winter jacket purchase doesn’t need to be (indeed shouldn’t be) decided in isolation. You’ll want to give some consideration as to how it will fit with clothes you’ve already got, and your layering ‘strategy’. Everyone needs a layering strategy…
A cycling jacket is a key component of the winter rider’s wardrobe. There are lots of options, many of which are expensive. It’s worth taking the time really to consider what you want to get from the jacket and, in particular, whether (weather?) staying dry is as crucial (or as possible) as it first might appear
Long time readers of this blog will hopefully appreciate the restraint I’ve shown in not simply using the past 2,000+ words to proclaim my love (from afar – I’ve not even tried one on) of the Castelli Gabba.
(OMG! THEY’VE ONLY GONE AND RENAMED IT THE PERFETTO)
Gabba Perfetto seems to occupy a position of almost mythical status in the cycling world and has been hugely influential in showing that a rider can be comfortable whilst ostensibly being soaked through. The good news (for the short-armed, deep-pocketed Yorkshiremen in the room) is that similar levels of comfort can be achieved now with more cost-effective brands.
That all said, if Castelli want to send me a
Gabba Perfetto to try out (or their Alpha jacket in the table above, which looks like an Uber-Perfetto-Gabba), I’d guess I’m a medium…